Termite Facts & Information

Protect your home or business from termites by learning techniques for identification and control.

Termite illustration
Order Isoptera


Types of Termites

What do termites look like?

There are over 2,000 different species of termites with over 40 species in the United States alone. Although they have distinct characteristics, most look similar. They typically measure between 1/4 and 1/2 of an inch long and have soft bodies with straight antennae. The queens and kings are larger, capable of reaching over one inch long. Colors range from white to light brown where worker termites often appear lighter, while swarming termites darker. Flying termites, also called reproductives, have two pairs of prominent wings.

Dampwood Termites

Dampwood Termites

Zootermopsis spp. & Neotermes spp.

Drywood Termites

Drywood Termite

Cryptotermes spp. & Incisitermes spp.

Subterranean Termites

Subterranean Termite

Reticulitermes spp., Coptotermes spp. & Heterotermes spp.

Formosan Termites

Formosan Termite

Coptotermes formosanus

Arid Land Subterranean Termites

Arid Land Subterranean Termite

Reticulitermes tibialis

Conehead Termites

Conehead Termite

Nasutitermes corniger

Dark Southeastern Subterranean Termites

Dark Southeastern Subterranean Termite

Reticulitermes virginicus

Desert Drywood Termites

Desert Drywood Termite

Marginitermes hubbardi

Desert Subterranean Termites

Desert Subterranean Termite

Heterotermes aureus

Desert Termites

Desert Termite

Gnathamitermes spp.

Eastern Subterranean Termites

Eastern Subterranean Termite

Reticulitermes flavipes

Southeastern Drywood Termites

Southeastern Drywood Termite

Incisitermes snyderi

Western Drywood Termites

Western Drywood Termite

Incisitermes minor

Western Subterranean Termites

Western Subterranean Termite

Reticulitermes hesperus


How do I get rid of termites?

What Orkin Does

Based on the layout of your property and the degree of termite infestation, Orkin will create a customized termite treatment plan tailored for your situation. This can include a variety of treatments such as Termidor Liquid, Dry Foam and OrkinFoam, and Sentricon Bait and Monitoring dependent on the areas of usage, situations, and species of termite.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Termite holes

Termite Facts

Understanding Termite Problems

The more you know about termites, the better you can predict and control their behavior. Here are some quick facts to help you on your way.


In the summer months, reproductive flying termites leave their mature colonies to mate and pair off.

Queen Termites

Some species of termite queens lay millions of eggs each year.

Termite Roles

Immature termites develop to fill one of three roles: workers, soldiers, or reproductives.

Worker Termites

Workers are responsible for gathering and feeding the colony members, maintaining the nest, and caring the young.

Soldier Termites

Soldiers protect the termite colony using their large mandibles to fend off predators.

Reproductive Termites

Reproductives are the only sexually mature members of the colony, aside from queensand kings.

Home-invading Species

Three of the more common home-invading termite species are Eastern subterranean termites, Pacific dampwood termites, and Southeastern drywood termites.

More Resources

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